In order to enhance your knowledge in pursuit of a healthy lifestyle, it may be beneficial to familiarize yourself with a variety of fitness terminology. This will enable you to better navigate the world of health and fitness, and make well-informed decisions regarding your personal fitness journey. By understanding key terms such as strength training, cardiovascular exercise, and nutrition, you can develop a comprehensive and effective fitness routine tailored to your individual needs and goals. Below are a list of terminologies, and explanation that will assist you in any way possible on your journey towards optimal health.
- Skinnyfat – was originally coined to describe people in the normal BMI range (healthy weight) but who had blood markers showing an increased risk for many diseases and health conditions similar to those people in the obese BMI range. So, while they appeared healthy on the outside, upon closer inspection they were not. The technical term is metabolically obese, normal-weight individuals. In recent years, this term has been co-opted to become a euphemism among people with fat in the wrong places and not enough muscle in the right places. In this instance, it’s a fairly meaningless term and does not change the applicability of any information or section in this FAQ.
- Cutting – or going on ‘a cut’. Short for ‘cutting fat’. It’s a term used when one’s goal is to diet down to reveal the underlying muscle and obtain more definition. It requires a caloric deficit.
Bulking or going on ‘a bulk’ is a term used when gaining weight, particularly muscle. In this instance, a caloric surplus is used in conjunction with lifting to add muscle (and often some unavoidable fat) to the body.
- Rep – A repetition: one complete movement of the exercise you are performing.
- Set – A number of reps performed in a row, with little or no rest in between
- Sets of repetitions are typically recorded as sets x reps. For example, “3×10 pull-ups” means 3 sets of 10 reps.